Vladimir Putin conducted a meeting on the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation via video conference
V. Putin: Good afternoon, dear colleagues!
Today we will discuss the development of the Russian Arctic zone.
Solving social, economic and infrastructural problems in this crucially important region, implementing large-scale investment projects here – this has always been and remains a priority for us. Hundreds of thousands of our citizens live and work in the Arctic territories; almost all areas of our country's national security are concentrated here: environmental, resource, military-political, technological.
Let me stress from the outset that now, taking into account various external restrictions and sanctions pressure, we need to pay special attention to all projects and plans related to the Arctic: not to postpone them, not to shift to the right, but on the contrary, we must respond to attempts to restrain our development maximizing the pace of work on both current and future tasks.
First of all, it concerns the social sphere. The issues that are most pressing for citizens should always be a focus of our attention, and in the extreme conditions of the Arctic, we are talking about the health, safety of people, and the life support of entire cities and towns.
You know that now, as a result of the actions of unfriendly countries, a number of transport and logistics chains have been disrupted. Some foreign companies do not fully or at all fulfill their contractual obligations. Of course, in the current situation, this creates certain difficulties for us, but we have all the resources and all the opportunities to quickly find alternative solutions, and in the long term further strengthen our independence from external factors. This is an extremely important task.
To do this, all responsible departments involved in the Arctic need to competently and quickly readjust their work, primarily to ensure uninterrupted provision of residents of the Arctic territories, shift workers, enterprises and social facilities in the region with food and medicine, fuel, building materials, equipment, especially since the period of Northern Supply Haul will start soon.
It shall take place clearly and in an organized manner, on schedule, without failures. The Arctic shall be provided with all the necessary goods and services, and in full. This is fundamentally important in order to guarantee price stability in the Arctic settlements. It is necessary to promptly prepare a list and schedule of the movement of ships involved in the delivery, ensure their priority exit from ports, and also use air transport more actively.
I suggest us to think about appointing a single operator in the sphere of northern sea delivery using icebreaking assistance and, in general, clearly identifying the coordinator of northern delivery, which can be one of the departments - with all the powers, of course, and responsibility. I ask you to submit concrete proposals on this matter today.
And I will add, I ask the Government, the heads of the Arctic regions to take special control over the rhythmic construction and renovation of social facilities - of course: kindergartens, schools, hospitals, medical and obstetric stations. Everything that is envisaged by our programs and national projects must be implemented.
Another task that requires effective action is the implementation of priority investment projects. The further development of the Arctic regions and the well-being of their inhabitants, the preservation and creation of jobs here, and the fulfillment of Russia's obligations to responsible business partners largely depend on them.
It is obvious that today many projects need adjustment and additional support and flexible, non-standard solutions for financing, applied technologies, supply of materials, construction equipment and components.
I ask you to report today what is planned to be done to ensure the confident passage of key, comprehensive initiatives, their passage in the working rhythm and mode we need, in general, for the further development of business activity in the Arctic, including support for small and medium businesses.
Let me stress again that the refusal of a number of Western countries from normal cooperation, including from Russian energy resources, at least some of them, has already hit millions of Europeans, provoked a real energy crisis, and, by the way, is affecting the United States. Prices are rising everywhere, and inflation is off the charts - for these countries it is absolutely unprecedented. Of course, we also face problems, but alternative opportunities, options and new windows of opportunity open up for us.
So, as for Russian oil, gas, coal, we will be able to increase their consumption in the domestic market, stimulate the deep processing of raw materials, and also increase the supply of energy resources to other regions of the world - where they are really needed. To solve this problem, we will use all available opportunities, including the development of transport corridors, including the Northern Latitudinal Railway.
Active construction on the facilities of this highway should begin this year. I draw the attention of the Government, Russian Railways, Gazprom and other companies involved in the project, this is a direct instruction, and I ask you to treat it this way. We have been working on the Northern Latitudinal Railway for a long time. The launch of this project will make it possible, among other things, to unload the BAM and the Trans-Siberian Railway, and this is of fundamental importance given the reorientation of our main export resources to the east.
Yesterday I spoke with the governor of the Amur Region, where in some places a train runs every five minutes – every five minutes. By the way, he asked for help in the construction of viaducts - it must be done, because it is necessary to create normal living conditions for citizens there, in these areas. Okay, that's another topic, we'll get back to that later.
Today I suggest elaborating on a number of other issues.
The first is the development of the Northern Sea Route: the creation of a modern port and rescue infrastructure, satellite monitoring and communications systems, as well as the implementation of our ambitious, in the good sense of the word, ambitious plans to expand the icebreaking and cargo fleet, build Arctic class gas carriers.
I ask the head of the state corporation Rosatom to report today on how the work on building and designing new icebreakers is progressing, what measures the state needs to take so that all the tasks set here are completed in full and on time.
The second is equipment for Arctic ports and terminals, ships and navigation, for industrial enterprises in the region. I expect to hear proposals today on import substitution and localization of the production of such equipment in Russia.
The third essential area is ecology and the environment. We consider all programs and projects in the Arctic in close connection with the tasks of preserving biodiversity and Arctic ecosystems, as well as with long-term work to address the challenges of the climate agenda.
Thus, projects to eliminate the accumulated damage should be continued in full. This also applies to research programs, primarily aimed at ensuring a stable balance between economic development and conservation of the Arctic nature. The ecosystem here is very delicate, you know that.
The basis for ensuring such stability, among other things, is the monitoring of permafrost. Its melting can have a negative affect both on ecosystems and infrastructure in the Arctic and adjacent territories. The instruction to create and finance a system of such monitoring has already been given. I ask you to report on its implementation today.
I emphasize that scientific data and timely, well-founded forecasts will allow us to make the most effective management decisions, including as part of the development of international cooperation in the Arctic.
The ice-resistant "North Pole" vessel is intended to become one of the concrete platforms for international scientific cooperation. Working as an operating drifting laboratory– as far as I know, 16 laboratories are planned to be built there – it will provide the widest range of research: from bottom sediments and ice to the upper layers of the atmosphere. This ship has no analogues, and the world scientific community is certainly interested in its appearance and working. It is necessary to complete all the tests without prevarication, so that this autumn, as planned, it will go on its first expedition.
Let me emphasize that Russia is open to joint work with all interested partners as part of both current and future programs and projects in the Arctic. This is confirmed by the special business conditions created here, various preferences for representatives of Russian and foreign businesses.
I believe that in the current conditions, the so-called non-regional states and associations should be more actively involved in cooperation in the Arctic - there will be enough work for everyone here. We will offer joint work to everyone who, like Russia, is interested in the sustainable development of this unique region. We view the Arctic not as a field of geopolitical intrigues, but as a territory of dialogue, stability and constructive cooperation.
Let's get to work.
The floor is given to Deputy Prime Minister of Russia, Chairman of the State Commission for the Development of the Arctic Yury Petrovich Trutnev. Yuri Petrovich, go ahead please.
Yu.Trutnev: Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich! Dear colleagues!
Three years ago, in accordance with the decision of the President of the Russian Federation, work on the development of the Arctic was placed under the responsibility of the Ministry for the Development of the Far East. Let us see what has been done during this time.
First of all, a legislative basis has been created to increase the investment attractiveness of the Russian Arctic. The Fundamentals of the State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic, the Strategy for the Development of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation and Ensuring its National Security for the Period up to 2035 have been developed and adopted. Six federal laws and 40 normative acts have been adopted.
Using the experience of the Far East, we have made the system of preferences in the Arctic differentiated by four types of economic activity. As a result, the growth of new projects in the Arctic zone is 20–25 percent higher than in the Far East. Today, more than 460 projects are being implemented in the Arctic with state support. The investment ammount under the agreements exceeds 1.3 trillion rubles. As a result of their implementation, 30 thousand jobs will be created.
Most of the projects are implemented in sparsely populated areas and require support in the construction of infrastructure. So, for the development of the Baimskaya ore zone, it is necessary to build a sea terminal and a highway. Providing the project with power will require the installation of a floating nuclear power plant. At the same time, the launch of this project leads to a doubling of Chukotka's budget.
Segezha Zapad will be the first project to create a pulp and paper mill in the last 40 years. As part of the Arctic LNG 2 project, a unique center for large-capacity offshore structures is being created. The development of the Syradasay coal deposit will ensure the transportation of up to seven million tons [of coal] along the Northern Sea Route by 2026.
Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich!
I have to tell you that the actions of unfriendly countries created a number of difficulties in the implementation of projects and increased the cost of borrowing. I ask you to consider proposals on subsidizing interest rates for these projects. The required amount of financing in 2022 is 5.9 billion rubles.
A systemic condition for the implementation of projects in the Arctic zone is the development of the Northern Sea Route. The Northern Sea Route allows one to import the necessary materials for the construction of projects, transport raw materials and finished products, in fact, it puts the Russian North together.
The strategic task is to create a new global transport corridor on the basis of the Northern Sea Route. The main volume of transportation along the Northern Sea Route until 2024 should be provided by four companies: NOVATEK, Gazpromneft, Rosneft and Severnaya Zvezda. If these companies fulfill their plans, the volume of transportation along the NSR by 2030 will exceed 200 million tons. The heads of the companies are present at the meeting and will separately report on the implementation of the project.
The increase in cargo traffic requires significant work along the entire NSR in order to ensure reliable, safe transportation of goods - this work is being performed. Four nuclear-powered icebreakers are being built at Russian shipyards, including the unique Leader icebreaker. By 2030, it is necessary to build six more icebreakers, four of them are planned to be built with extra-budgetary funds.
Starting from 2025, Rosatom will launch a regular transit line, which will increase the volume of international transit by 2030 to 30 million tons. As for the development of port infrastructure, four terminals are being built in the Northern Sea Route water area with a total investment of more than 300 billion rubles until 2030.
Vladimir Vladimirovich, thank you for the decision on the Northern Latitudinal Railway. It is very important for the development of the Northern Sea Route.
The crucial issue is the modernization of the emergency infrastructure, the expansion of the network of emergency rescue centers of the fleet, aviation of the Ministry of Emergencies. A separate mission is the development of a space constellation in order to create a stable system of communications, meteorology, and ice radiolocation.
Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich, you have already said that a shift to the right is unacceptable, and I ask you to support the proposal to relate the timeframe for making decisions on financing the construction of additional icebreakers and satellite constellation infrastructure to the timeframe necessary for the successful implementation of investment projects.
The total increase in gross product from Arctic projects by 2035 will be more than 30 trillion rubles, the increase in tax revenues will be 13 trillion. Companies invest 15 rubles of their own funds for every budget ruble. Budget investments pay off in four years.
The crucial issue is the development of domestic transportation. The Ministry for the Development of the Far East and the Arctic, together with Rosatom, is launching a regular coastal line between St. Petersburg and Vladivostok in August this year. Voyages will be operated by the Sevmorput lighter carrier. This will reduce the cost of transporting goods needed for investment projects, and will also help to provide northern delivery.
Now I would like to say a few words regarding the northern delivery. Northern Delivery provides residents of 25 northern regions of the Russian Federation with food, essential goods, medicines, building materials. The annual volume of transportation along the Northern Sea Route only within as part of the northern delivery is more than three million tons.
The cost of transportation has a significant impact on the formation of the final price of essential goods, medicines, food, and thus on the standard of living of people in the Arctic. Since northern delivery is performed at the expense of credit resources, an increase in their cost can cause a significant increase in the price of food, medicines, and building materials.
Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich, if you support us, we are ready to quickly prepare proposals for subsidizing the interest rate on northern delivery.
There is still a lot of work to be done in the North. One of the most important tasks is to establish comfortable conditions for people's lives. A lot of work on the modernization of communal infrastructure, renovation of the housing stock will be carried out in Norilsk. Most of this work which is 120 billion rubles was taken over by Norilsk Nickel.
Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich!
In accordance with your instructions for the development of the Far East, funds are annually allocated to eliminate the lagging behind the social infrastructure. As part of this program in the Far East, we built and repaired 1,500 social facilities in four years: schools, hospitals, kindergartens, sports grounds. I consider it important to create the same program for the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.
Since August 2021, the Far Eastern Hectare program has been distributed in the Arctic. For half a year we have received almost eight thousand applications. Hectares are in the greatest demand in the Murmansk region, in the Republic of Karelia.
As part of the Children of the Arctic project, 100 percent of the cost of recreation for children living in the Arctic zone will be paid from the federal budget.
19 indigenous peoples of the North live on the territory of the Russian Arctic. The preservation of their customs, traditions, way of life is one of the foundations of the way of our state. The necessary funds for this work are provided in the budget of the Russian Federation.
Another important area of work in the Arctic is the development of science and technology. For this purpose, two scientific and educational centers are being made in the Arctic zone: in the Arkhangelsk region and the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The construction of an ice-resistant self-propelled platform is about to be completed, on the basis of which oceanological, biological, and environmental studies will be performed.
A year-round Arctic research station Snezhinka will be built in Yamal, using advanced technologies in the sphere of clean energy production and life support systems.
Work on environmental monitoring and elimination of accumulated harm has begun. Alexander Alexandrovich Kozlov will report on this in more detail.
Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich! Dear colleagues!
On May 1, 2021, Russia became a chairman of the Arctic Council. More than eight thousand people from 15 countries have already taken part in this work in such areas as economic development, investment, development of the Arctic Ocean shelf, preservation of the traditional way of life, customs and languages of the indigenous peoples of the North.
The main topic of Russia's chairmanship is the sustainable development of the region, joint counteraction to climate change. No country in the world will be able to do this work alone, all the more impossible to do this without Russia, which accounts for 58 percent of the Arctic coast. I am sure that our neighbors in the Arctic region will understand their responsibility and return to joint work.
Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich!
In conclusion, I want to present the results that we shall achieve by 2030, ensuring the implementation of the state program for the social and economic development of the Arctic, the Development Strategy of the Russian Arctic and indicators of national projects.
The number of projects implemented with state support will be at least 1,300, the volume of actual private investments made will be minimum 730 billion rubles, and the volume of planned investments under agreements will be almost five trillion. At least 110 thousand jobs will be created. The average salary in the Arctic zone will increase to 159 thousand rubles.
Dear Vladimir Vladimirovich, thank you for your attention and constant support in the development of the Arctic and the Far East.
V.Putin: Thank you.
Please, Alexander Alexandrovich Kozlov.
Good afternoon, dear Vladimir Vladimirovich! Dear colleagues!
It’s the Arctic and Antarctic Institute, a scientific center for the study of the polar regions of the Earth on the link. The study of natural processes, the reproduction of the mineral resource base and the environmental agenda are the three main tasks of our Ministry in the Arctic.
The first direction is science. This morning I was at the Admiralty Shipyards, where the world's first North Pole platform is being completed. It is unlikely that other countries will build something similar in the foreseeable future. The strength of the hull is such that the ship can freeze into ice for two years and drift. This will allow you to get into those corners of the Arctic, where it is extremely difficult to get to, and where [no one] has ever been before. Consequently, we will begin to receive unique data on the state of ice, the natural atmosphere of the high-latitude Arctic – data that is not available to us today.
On May 21, on the Day of the Polar Explorer, which was approved in 2013, the platform should go for sea trials. We were assured of this by Alexander Sergeevich Buzakov, head of the "[Admiralty] shipyards." In July the “North Pole” will be under the flag, in September the platform will leave Murmansk for the first flight, in October we should freeze into the ice. Engineers will evaluate how it works in practice, then the technical staff will give way to scientists, and a full-scale expedition will begin. By the way, we invite scientists from other countries to take part in it – science has no limits.
I also want to inform you that Mikhail Vladimirovich Mishustin supported us in the construction of a research expedition ship for voyages to the Arctic and Antarctic. The design has been ordered. Now ships of 1983 and 1977 of the last century are delivering people and cargo to both poles, so, of course, our ship fleet needs to be updated.
Russia is a northern country: almost two-thirds of our land is permafrost, which ceases to be eternal. We have developed a law on the creation of state monitoring of permafrost, submitted it to the Government, and now it is being approved by the State Legal Department. We hope that the deputies will adopt it in the spring session.
But we have already begun work on the creation of monitoring itself: we are working on the technology for obtaining data from these wells at experimental sites at Cape Baranov and the the Svalbard archipelago. Let me remind you that by 2025, 140 such well stations should appear to monitor permafrost throughout the Arctic.
We are also preparing to install equipment for measuring soot and methane emissions, that is, we will have a primary source for such emissions. This is not a natural phenomenon, like permafrost, this is what is called anthropogenic emissions and affects the greenhouse effect: it is released during the development of hydrocarbon deposits, from the operation of ship engines, from furnace heating. Knowing how much soot and methane gets into the atmosphere from economic activities, we can take meaningful steps to reduce emissions.
By the way, we have developed a bill that controls the submission of company reports on emissions of all greenhouse gases. So far, this is happening almost on a voluntary basis. We propose to make reports mandatory. The bill is under interdepartmental approval. We are asking all our colleagues to support us.
The general hydrometeorological observation network in the Arctic is 240 points of Roshydromet. At 172 they monitor meteorology, at 33 - hydrology, 27 stations provide aerological data and eight – actinometric observations. Since last year, Roshydromet has begun upgrading points: it is changing power equipment and communication systems, equipping it with new measuring devices, and deploying a network of drifting hydrometeorological buoys. They are made in Sevastopol, and this year we will install 42 buoys on the Northern Sea Route.
The update of the North (Sever) system has started, with the help of which ice weather forecasts are given for the Arctic Ocean waters. By 2024, the range of observations will be expanded and the efficiency of transmitting these data will be increased.
All of the above will affect the accuracy of forecasts and, accordingly, the safety of navigation along the Northern Sea Route. The system of voluntary ship observations can also help in this. This is not a new, but a well-forgotten practice: in Soviet times, until the early 90s, hundreds of Arctic ships were equipped with weather stations – now there are only 53. The installation procedure has been developed and given to all ship owners. Observations should be made four times a day for parameters such as pressure, temperature, humidity, wind speed and direction.
The second area of our work is subsoil resources. The mineral resource base is, first of all, the loading of the Northern Sea Route. Of the total volume of cargo transportation of 34.9 million tons at the end of last year, almost 28 million tons were gas, oil, oil products, coal and ore concentrate.
Today, 76 percent of all natural gas reserves of the country are concentrated in the Arctic zone, and almost all of this volume is licensed and involved in exploration and development at various stages. Almost all Arctic oil reserves are also in the distributed fund. The remaining unallocated fund of gas and oil is located mainly in the areas of protected areas [specially protected natural areas], which were created at different levels – regional in the 90s and so on.
Given the importance of the development of the Northern Sea Route, work on further licensing does not stop. So, today eight areas for gas and oil in the Gulf of Ob and in the Yenisei Bay are prepared for licensing for geological exploration. These promising areas will form an additional cargo flow to already developed fields after 2030.
As for solid minerals, they will be able to form part of the loading of the Northern Sea Route: a mining and processing plant is being built for the extraction and processing of lead-zinc ores and the production of concentrate on the basis of the Pavlovskoye deposit, this is the Arkhangelsk region; Tomtor deposit of rare earth metals in Yakutia, Peschanka in Chukotka, Maslovskoye sulfide deposit in Norilsk, diamond placers in Yakutia.
Based on the results of the meetings that we hold at the industry-specific headquarters of our Ministry, supporting measures have been taken. For example, we have developed and coordinated with our colleagues from the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Economy a new method of one-time payments, primarily for the development of deposits of strategic raw materials. Now the annuity factor is 3.5. We propose to make it – 1. This will affect the Arctic deposits of lithium, molybdenum, beryllium, tantalum, niobium and rare earth metals.
One example: there is a lithium deposit in the Murmansk region, and with the current methodology, the initial payment at the auction is 13 billion rubles. If we lower the factor, this figure will amount to a billion rubles, and the final investment attractiveness of production will increase many times over.
Last year, the state and business invested 163 billion rubles in hydrocarbons in Arctic exploration, and almost 12 billion in solid minerals. Geological exploration has already begun this year on such large areas as Kurantaevskaya in the Murmansk region – titanium, Delenkirskaya – gold and Deputatskaya – silver, in Yakutia.
To strengthen their position in the Svalbard archipelago, they allocated money for geological prospecting and the compilation of the latest geological maps. The development of promising deposits in the Arctic, the technical re-equipment of the public sector of geological exploration - all this will go under the new federal project "Geology – the revival of a legend." I think the title speaks for itself.
Vladimir Vladimirovich, we do not stop work on licenses that are not put into circulation. From January 1, we have the authority, and we can start the procedure for early termination of the right to use subsoil without an act of Rosprirodnadzor.
So, in three months, Rosnedra revealed violations of 802 licenses in the Arctic. Early termination procedures have begun, 56 licenses have already been terminated, mainly for placer gold deposits. Our task is not to take away the license. Our goal is for companies to fulfill their obligations, because a license is not only a right, but also an obligation to create jobs and taxes in the future in our country.
The third direction is ecology. The Arctic is one of the most delicate ecosystems in the world. The indicators by which scientists judge its condition are animals and plants. The list of 61 species was approved seven years ago. Among them there is, for example, a polar bear. Just the other day in the "Bear Islands" reserve in Yakutia, a survey of the habitats of this predator was completed. So, the state inspectors found 18 generic lairs - this is three times more than last year, and most importantly, all the lairs are inhabited, with cubs, with bears.
What especially affects the well-being of flora and fauna? Of course, it is environmental pollution. We are systematically fighting this, tightening the requirements for business entities, and cleaning up the territories. After all, unfortunately, since the last century, not only monuments to the exploits of polar explorers have remained in the Arctic, but also landfills and dangerous objects, such as an old tailing dump and the remains of oil spills.
Since last year, we have tightened liability for oil spills. Thus, all organizations that are engaged in the extraction, processing, transportation, storage and sale of oil and oil products are required to develop detailed plans for the prevention and response to spills, and this plan must be financially secured. That is, the wording “there is no money for compensation for harm” is no longer accepted - this is the law, the 207th.
At the moment we are also discussing environmental requirements for ships passing through our Arctic seas. The Northern Sea Route is convenient and short, but we will not let anyone endanger the environment.
Every year, 60 million tons of municipal solid waste is generated in our country, about one million comes from the Arctic zone. But climatic conditions, sparsely populated areas and difficult logistics challenge us to be flexible in our waste management. Scientists from the Ural Research Institute "Ecology" promised us and undertook to complete the research work by the end of the year. The key question to which we are waiting for an answer is what is the best way to dispose of garbage in the Arctic: recycle it on site, take it out, use it in the heating system of settlements. The Nenets Autonomous Okrug has been chosen as a pilot region where options are being developed.
Almost 100 years have passed since the white spot with an area of six million square kilometers turned into the Arctic zone of our country. Now there are hundreds of cities and villages, more than two million people, that is, this is the real “pole of courage”.
Thank you for your attention. My report is over.
V.Putin: Thank you very much.
V.Putin: Dear colleagues!
I would like to sum up some of the results of our discussion and define tasks and instructions.
First of all, I consider it necessary to approve a consolidated plan for the development of the Northern Sea Route for the period up to 2035 in order to ensure reliable, safe transportation of goods along this most important transport route – along the Northern Sea Route.
I ask the Government to take into account the following tasks in the plan.
First. Clearly define the long-term prospective cargo flow along the Northern Sea Route, indicating specific investment projects, the obligations of shippers in terms of cargo flow volumes, because from this we must also deal with the infrastructure, as well as the size and range of the required icebreaking fleet – now almost all colleagues have just talked about this. But not only icebreakers - I agree with the head of Rosatom - we need, of course, to think about the ships that will operate, follow the icebreakers. These 132 ships, I think, which I have named, of course, we need to think about this now. And the fleet renewal plan will depend on this, on the volume of traffic.
It is necessary to clearly set the terms and volumes of deliveries of icebreaking fleet vessels, cargo ships of the Arctic class – as I said, the dates should be specified – as well as the component equipment that is necessary for their construction. Considering this, it’s needed to provide for measures to modernize and expand the production capacities of our shipbuilding enterprises. It is also necessary to respond to repairs - to what the head of the Arkhangelsk region just spoke about.
Second. The general plan for the development of the Northern Sea Route should provide for the construction and maintenance of an emergency rescue fleet and integrated emergency rescue centers of the Ministry of Emergency Situations. We haven't talked about this in practice today, but this is a very important task. I know, there was mention of a helicopter group and so on, but this, of course, is not enough, this is a separate matter. First of all, of course, we need to think about this in places where the most important, large-scale infrastructure and investment projects are being performed.
Third. For all the activities of the general plan, the volumes and sources of funding should be specified, and in detail, on a yearly basis.
Further. We have already said that a task of particular importance is the full and timely provision of northern sea deliveries. I ask you to develop a special federal law on northern delivery. The law shall reflect all aspects, from determining the list of imported goods and ensuring their transportation to planning, implementing and monitoring the execution of all these activities. At the same time, it is necessary to modernize the existing and form new transport corridors using the Northern Sea Route and adjacent water areas.
As for the implementation of investment projects in the Arctic, I ask you to actively use the mechanisms of state support, including as part of the so-called Project Finance Factory, and also to consider extending the benefits used by residents of the Arctic zone of Russia to the projects of companies already operating here, - it is clear that there are many questions here, and the cost, I have just spoken about it, I will not repeat it, thus giving them the opportunity to increase their capacities and expand production. I ask you to study the issue of the procedure for granting such benefits.
And in conclusion, about the proposal related to the development of housing and social infrastructure of the closed administrative-territorial formations of the Arctic zone, in other words, military camps and bases where our military personnel, their families and children live.
I ask the Government and the Minister of Defense to take control of this issue, including by 2024 to provide a comprehensive modernization of infrastructure, energy, residential and social facilities in the ZATO of the Murmansk Region – the main base area of the Northern Fleet, to continue this work in all other Arctic regions with the assistance and participation of the heads of the constituent entities of the Federation and along with the construction and modernization of kindergartens, schools, medical, cultural and leisure institutions, pay special attention to creating new jobs here. This is the most important task, which is directly related to the well-being of the families of our servicemen.
And of course, in the draft decision – we have a draft decision – we need to pay attention to the proposals that were made during our today's meeting and which were not taken into account, were not reflected in the draft of these instructions.
Thank you all very much.